Seyed Reza Naeimi Torshizi, Hamideh Ofoghi Mehran Kianirad
(IJBR) International Journal of Advanced Biotechnology and Research, 2019, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages: 479-484

Chitosan (CS) is a biodegradable natural polymer that has shown potential for gene delivery. Although a number of in vitro studies showed that chitosan and its derivatives have emerged as promising vehicles for efficient non-viral gene and plasmid DNA (pDNA) vaccine delivery, the stability of chitosan/plasmid nanoparticle remain insufficient. In the present study, ionically crosslinked chitosan nanoparticles were formulated with plasmid DNA using the ionic gelation technique with sodium tripolyphospate (TPP) as a crosslinking agent. We investigate the stability of chitosan/pDNA nanoparticles which was synthesized by this method. Optimization study showed that chitosan to TPP ratios of 1:0.4(w/w) results in the reproducible formation of nanoparticles with good production yields. SEM and DLS analyses revealed a circular shape of the CS/TPP nanoparticles with an average size diameter of 173 nm. The zeta potential of the nanoparticles was + 10.8 mv. In vitro study of pDNA release from CS/TPP nanoparticles revealed no DNA release following incubation of chitosan/pDNA nanoparticles for up to 1 month, in mediums of PBS and acetic acid at pH 4 and pH 7.4. According to the results, ionically crosslinked CS/TPP nanoparticles have the potential to be used as a biocompatible non-viral gene delivery system with strong stability.

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