Imanparast S, Hamedi J, Faramarzi MA
Food chemistry. 2018 Apr 15;245:934-42.

Polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) are essential to human health and can be produced by enzymatic esterification. Actinomadura sediminis UTMC 2870 isolated from oil-contaminated soil contained a lipase that was stable at varying pH and in various solvents, salts, and chemicals. This lipase exhibited high efficiency for omega-3 (n-3), and its production was optimized using a response surface method. Acylglycerols (AGs) rich in n-3 were produced by extraction of the free fatty acids (FFAs) from flaxseed oil, concentration of PUFAs, and enzymatic esterification by the Celite-immobilized lipase. The resulting product contained 50% (w/w) PUFAs, including 42% (w/w) α-linolenic and 9.7% (w/w) linoleic acid. The n-6/n-3 ratio in the product was 0.24, which differed markedly from the high values for this ratio in seed oils. Therefore, the A. sediminis lipase appears to be a good candidate enzyme for ester synthesis and especially for production of n-3–rich AGs for food industries.

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